Coronavirus – Symptoms and Safety Method

What are Coronavirus

What are Coronavirus?

They are an extensive family of viruses that can cause respiratory diseases and affect many species of animals. In humans, they range from mild illnesses, such as common colds, to more severe conditions, such as the Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) and severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS). The most recently identified coronavirus causes coronavirus disease COVID-19.

Main symptoms

  • Fever and cough.
  • Fever and sore throat.
  • Fever and respiratory distress.
  • Fever and recent loss or decrease in taste and/or smell.

They can be milder or more severe, depending on the general status of the person and, in severe cases, if there are pre-existing diseases, it can be fatal.


Direct: through the secretions of a person who is a carrier of Coronavirus, that is, if that person coughs or sneezes and we are standing less than a meter and a half, that drop can directly fall into our airways, or into the mouth or in the conjunctivae of the eyes.

Indirect:  the other way is that this drop falls on a surface, it can be a table, a doorknob, a bus seat. If we touch that surface that has the virus and then we touch our faces we can acquire the virus.


  • Wash our hands frequently with soap and water or, if we can’t, with gel alcohol.
  • Cover the nose and mouth with the crease of the elbow or use disposable tissues when coughing or sneezing.
  • Ventilate the rooms every day.
  • Clean surfaces for everyday and public use such as door handles, countertops, light switches, etc.
  • Respect social, preventive and compulsory isolation, that is, stay at home.

Hand washing

Handwashing with soap and water — especially at critical times, that is, after using the toilet and before handling food — is a key life-saving intervention. If you do not have soap and water, you can use alcohol gel.


To completely reduce the growth of microorganisms on the hands, wash your hands at least 40–60 seconds. It is essential that you wash your hands:

  • Before and after putting on and taking off your homemade mask or face mask.
  • Before and after handling food or breastfeeding.
  • Before eating or drinking and after handling garbage or waste.
  • After touching raw food and before touching prepared food.
  • After going to the bathroom, blowing your nose, coughing or sneezing, and after changing your baby’s diapers.
  • After having touched “dirty” objects, such as money, keys, handrails, or surfaces in public spaces.
  • When you reach home from the shops, street, work, school.
  • After being in contact with animals.

Use of homemade cloth masks

  • It is mandatory to use it in public passenger transport, when driving through public places, waiting in public service facilities and / or entering or staying in commercial premises.
  •  Do not use in kids below 2 years.
  • They only assist to shield those around us and avoid infecting them if they are suffering from cough or cold.
  • They are only a complement; the most important thing is hand washing and social distancing.
  • Use them for short periods of time.
  • Using them correctly, their misuse can cause us to touch our faces with our hands.
  • They should be washed, cleaned and dried after each use. Keep in mind that each time we carry out this process, it loses filtering efficiency.

How to properly use a homemade cloth mask?

Before putting it on, wash your hands properly and avoid touching your hands during use.

Homemade cloth masks must:
  • Fit snugly but comfortably upon the sides of the face.
  • Secure your ears with some kind of a tie.
  • Include several layers of fabric.
  • Allow breathing without restriction.
  • Be of washable fabrics and that they do not deform.

To remove the masks:

  • Perform hand washing.
  • Remove it from the fastening ties and be careful not to touch your eyes, nose and mouth.
  • Set aside to wash.
  • Wash your hands again immediately after removing it.
Why homemade fabric mask and not regulatory mask?

There are alternatives to generate tools for community use such as masks or cloth masks. Although these homemade masks are not equivalent to the regulatory chinstraps, the latter are critical supplies that should continue to be reserved for health workers (and whoever they indicate) and all those who are in the first line of care for the population, Because of the high risk they face, they are the priority.

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